Anti-trafficking and Safe Migration
“Every child has the right to live without fear of trafficking and exploitation and to be treated equally no matter of their race or ethnicity”
Thailand has one of the highest incidences of human trafficking in the world. With more economic power than its neighbouring countries, Thailand is a trafficking “destination” point, with tens of thousands of victims being moved into the country and forced to work in low paid, degrading and abusive industries.
Trafficking is the illegal movement of human beings from one country (or region) to another with the intention of exploiting that individual. It is one of the world’s most complex and expansive human rights abuses.
The sex tourism industry is just one sector that exploits victims. High demand for sex workers is met by young girls and boys being brought into Thailand, particularly from rural areas of Thailand itself, Cambodia, Laos and Myanmar.
As well as trafficking victims, economic migrants find themselves in sub-standard jobs, working in horrendous conditions, for poor pay. Migrants without paperwork have no access to the Thai justice system, healthcare, education or welfare.
We work to protect the child victims of human trafficking and help the children of migrant families to receive support, rehabilitation, access to education and to justice and to make their living environments safer and more stable.
- Projects that promote the rights of migrants and refugees living in Thailand and offer these groups access to services that will increase their access to opportunities and services available in Thailand
- Projects that work to eliminate statelessness and provide legal safety nets for trafficking victims and marginalised migrant communities
- Projects that safeguard at-risk children from trafficking, child labour and modern slavery
- Projects that provide victim support, counselling and rehabilitation of victims of human trafficking and exploitation
- Research and advocacy projects related to trafficking, migration and statelessness
Birth Registration Service, Tak Province
Without birth registration and identity documentation, children are invisible. Legally stateless, they live without access to their basic rights or the welfare services available in Thailand. With no traceable evidence of their existence they are also at risk of becoming victims of human trafficking.
Many children born at home in rural villages may not have their births registered. This is particularly common in migrant communities where families have no access to hospitals or maternity care. Obtaining identity documentation later in life is extremely difficult without proof of birth or parentage. Therefore, promoting birth registration and obtaining birth certificates promptly is a key measure that can help protect child rights and encourage safe migration.
The Birth Registration Service in Tak province runs regular awareness campaigns in migrant towns and villages and offers free birth registration for babies born in Thailand. Staff also help families on a case-by-case basis to obtain legal identity documentation for older children. This includes a translation service so that birth certificates issued in Myanmar are translated into Thai for application to the Thai government for visas and citizenship papers.
These services protect children from the implications of statelessness and reduce the risk of child trafficking, as children can be traced and are identifiable through a legal system.
In 2016, 1,675 children received birth registration documentation through this service.
1,461 of these children (87.22%) have used their registration to receive full citizenship or legal residency status from the Thai authorities.
9 community awareness seminars were held attended by 522 parents and guardians collectively.
Safe Child Thailand will soon publish a full report on human trafficking in Thailand.
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